NIH Public Access
Recipients of funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) should be aware of a new reporting requirement, Revised Policy on Enhancing Public Access to Archived Publications Resulting from NIH-Funded Research which became effective on April 7, 2008. This new policy has several compliance issues that Wayne State University authors need to address:
- Principal investigators must ensure that electronic versions of any peer-reviewed manuscripts arising from their NIH funding and accepted for publication after April 7, 2008 are deposited in PubMed Central (PMC), NIH's digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.
- The full text of the articles will then be made freely available to the public no later than 12 months after publication.
- The requirement applies to any NIH direct funding, including grants, contracts, training grants, subcontracts, etc.
- In addition, beginning May 25, 2008, anyone submitting an application, proposal, or progress report to NIH must include the PMC or NIH Manuscript Submission Reference Number when citing applicable articles that arise from their NIH funded research.
Download the 5 Things You Should Know About the NIH Policy.
Advantages: How Will The New Requirement Help You
The new requirement should work to the benefit of Wayne State University authors. Deposit in PMC ensures that the research results will be preserved in a state-of-the-art digital repository. Free access after twelve months will maximize the visibility of your research and ensure that researchers and students around the world will be able to read and build on your work, regardless of their (or their library's) ability to subscribe to the journal in which the research is published. Preliminary research suggests that articles that are freely available are cited more often and have a greater impact rating than articles that are locked away behind subscription walls. As David Shulenburger, Vice President for Academic Affairs at the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC), has noted, "public access to publicly funded research contributes directly to the mission of higher education. Improved access will enable universities to maximize their own investment in research and widen the potential for discovery as the results are more readily available for others to build upon."
Who Is Affected?
The Policy applies to you if your peer-reviewed article is based on work in one or more of the following categories:
- Directly funded by NIH grant or cooperative agreement active in Fiscal Year 2008 (October 1, 2007-September 30, 2008) or beyond;
- Directly funded by a contract signed on or after April 7, 2008;
- Directly funded by the NIH Intramural Program;
- If NIH pays your salary;
- If your article is a peer-reviewed journal article, including research reports and reviews.
Copyright: Important Information on Rights
NIH stresses that it is your responsibility, as the author, to ensure that you have the right to deposit your manuscript with PMC. Some publishers require that you transfer copyright prior to acceptance of publication; NIH warns that you should avoid such journals if their contract does not allow you to deposit articles in PubMed Central. Other publishers in their publication agreements ask you to warrant that there are no prior agreements concerning the publication and that the publisher will own all rights. If you submit a manuscript to PMC prior to signing such an agreement, you would be in breach of the agreement and in violation of NIH policy. There are three approaches that you can use to comply with the right NIH mandate:
Read your publication agreement carefully. Make sure that you have the right to deposit your article with PMC. The SHERPA/RoMEO site has information on the policy of many journals regarding PMC deposit.
If there is any question about your rights, add the following language to the publication agreement: "Journal acknowledges that Author retains the right to provide a copy of the final manuscript to the NIH upon acceptance for Journal publication, for public archiving in PubMed Central as soon as possible but no later than 12 months after publication by Journal."
Alternatively, attach the Scholar's Copyright Delayed Access Addendum to the publication contract. The Addendum is a legal instrument that acknowledges any prior grants (including those required by funding agencies). It also provides you with other important rights, including the right to use your article in your own teaching and research, the right to build on the article in future publications, and the right to deposit the PDF version from the publisher with PMC. There is an online engine that generates the Addendum. Note that the engine currently creates an agreement with a six month delay; this can be changed manually if the journal insists on PMC delaying access for the full twelve months.
Complying with the New Requirement
Approach 1: Publish with a journal that participates in PubMed Central
The easiest way to contribute articles to PMC is to publish in a journal that automatically transfers copies of published articles to the repository. Nothing else is required of you. The list of journals that participate in PubMed Central is found at PMC.
Approach 2: Publish with a journal that will deposit manuscripts for you
Some publishers, while not participating in PubMed Central themselves, will upon request send copies of manuscripts to PMC . Elsevier has had a policy since 2006 to submit articles to PMC on the authors behalf; other examples of such programs are Wiley-Blackwell Publishing's Online Open, Oxford Journals' Oxford Open, and Springer's Open Choice. The URMC Miner Library created a useful list of publishers' policies. The Wayne State University Library System Staff can help you determine if a particular journal will deposit articles on your behalf. Please contact Deborah Charbonneau at the Shiffman Medical Library for assistance, firstname.lastname@example.org, TEL: 313-577-9593.
If the publisher deposits only your manuscript, rather than the final published version of the article, you will still have to sign onto the NIH Manuscript Submission system to review and approve release of the article to PubMed Central. (see next section.)
Approach 3: Submit the manuscript yourself
If the journal in which you are publishing does not deposit either the published or manuscript version of your article, you will need to do it yourself using the NIH Manuscript Submission System. Depositing a manuscript takes only a few minutes and can be done by the primary investigator or a third-party. Here are some things to keep in mind.
- What to submit: An electronic version of the final, peer-reviewed manuscript, including all graphics and supplemental material associated with the article. Note that you will need the permission of the publisher to submit a PDF provided by them.
- When to submit: Upon acceptance for publication.
- How to submit: Go to the NIH Manuscript Submission System, label the manuscript with the correct author names, grant #, etc., and then submit.
NIH has prepared FAQ on the new reporting requirements. The content of this page was adapted from information sheets created by Cornell University Library, UC San Diego Libraries and UC Davis Libraries. For more information on the NIH reporting requirements, journal practices regarding deposit, or the use of the Scholar's Copyright Addendum engine, please contact Deborah Charbonneau at the Shiffman Medical Library for assistance, email@example.com, TEL: 313-577-9593.